How Does A CVA Compare To Other Alternatives?

The alternative to a Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA) depends on the specific financial circumstances and goals of a company facing financial distress. Here are some common alternatives to consider:


Administration: Administration is a formal insolvency process that aims to rescue a financially troubled company. An administrator is appointed to manage the company’s affairs with the goal of either achieving a better result for creditors than liquidation or restructuring the company’s operations.

Liquidation: In cases where a company is no longer viable and cannot be rescued, liquidation is an option. This involves selling off the company’s assets to pay creditors and winding down its operations. There are two types of liquidation: compulsory (forced by creditors) and voluntary (initiated by the company’s directors).

Bankruptcy: For individuals facing overwhelming personal debt, bankruptcy is a legal process that can provide debt relief by liquidating non-exempt assets to pay off creditors. After bankruptcy, the individual is typically discharged from most debts, allowing for a fresh start.

Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA): IVAs are similar to CVAs but are designed for individuals rather than companies. They are a formal agreement between an individual and their creditors to repay debts over a set period, often with reduced monthly payments.

Debt Management Plans (DMPs): DMPs are informal arrangements for individuals to repay unsecured debts at a manageable rate. Unlike IVAs, DMPs do not involve a legally binding agreement, and creditors may still pursue legal action.

Negotiation with Creditors: In some cases, businesses or individuals may attempt to negotiate directly with creditors to restructure debts, lower interest rates, or extend repayment terms. While this is not a formal legal process like a CVA or IVA, it can be a viable option for debt relief.

Debt Consolidation: Debt consolidation involves taking out a single loan or credit facility to pay off multiple existing debts. This can simplify debt management and potentially reduce interest rates, but it does not typically involve debt forgiveness or formal restructuring.

Asset Sale or Restructuring: Some companies may choose to sell non-essential assets or restructure their operations to generate funds and improve their financial position. This can be an alternative to formal insolvency procedures.

Financial Restructuring: A company may opt for an internal financial restructuring, which involves making significant changes to its financial and operational structure to improve profitability and cash flow. This may include cost-cutting measures, renegotiating contracts, or seeking new investment.


The choice between these alternatives depends on the specific financial situation, goals, and legal status (individual or corporate) of the entity facing financial challenges. It is advisable to seek professional financial and legal advice to determine the most suitable alternative and to navigate the complexities of insolvency and debt relief effectively.